Surgery is carried out under general anaesthesia. The risks of general anaesthesia include deep vein thrombosis (clots to the legs) and pulmonary embolus (clots to the lungs), and we take precautions to reduce this risk. Other risks include chest infection. The risks of having a major complication following planned general anaesthesia are approximately 1 in 100,000.
The risks specific to gynaecomastia surgery include:
Bleeding – This is very uncommon when liposuction has been performed, but sometimes a collection of blood (haematoma) may form and this can require a return to theatre to remove the blood and stop any bleeding.
Infection – Uncommon and can usually be treated with antibiotics.
Seroma – This is a collection of body fluid which may require drainage in the clinic and usually settles on its own. It is uncommon.
Scars – You will be shown pictures of typical scars. Scars can be unpredictable and can sometimes be thickened (keloid) and red.
Under or over correction – Taking too little or too much tissue. If too much tissue a removed a contour defect may result.
Lumpiness and unevenness – Your breasts will feel lumpy for several months, and it is not uncommon to have minor degrees of unevenness.
Skin retraction – If you have a significant excess of skin, it may not fully retract following the removal of the fatty tissue, you will be shown several photographs illustrating how every individual’s skin responds in different ways.
Numbness – It is common to have areas of the skin that will feel numb, and most of this numbness recovers over time.
Revision surgery – Some patients may require revision surgery to deal with complications or unsatisfactory cosmetic outcomes.