15 March 2015

No-Drain, No-Quilt Abdominoplasty

Our work on tummy tucks without drains has been published in the highest impact plastic surgery journal in the world – Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

The Abstract of the article can be viewed:

The no-drain, no-quilt abdominoplasty: a single-surgeon series of 271 patients.
Quaba AA, Conlin S, Quaba O.

BACKGROUND:
Recent innovations in abdominoplasty include progressive tension “quilting” sutures or Scarpa fascia preservation to limit the risk of seromas and hematomas. No-drain abdominoplasty with progressive tension sutures has been well documented. The authors describe outcomes in patients undergoing abdominoplasty with a modified surgical technique (including sub-Scarpa fascia fat preservation) and no use of drains or progressive tension sutures-the “no-drain, no-quilt” abdominoplasty.
METHODS:
A retrospective, single-surgeon (A.A.Q.), single-site analysis of all abdominoplasty patients from 2003 to 2012 was performed. Data were extracted from paper case notes. All patients underwent surgery carried out under general anesthesia. The operative technique and postoperative regimen are described.
RESULTS:
Two hundred seventy-one patients were identified over the 10-year period. Patients had a mean age of 45 years and mean body mass index of 27, and 98 percent were women. Concomitant abdominal liposuction was undertaken in 61 percent of all patients (165 of 271). Twenty-one patients (7.7 percent) had a seroma and five patients (1.8 percent) had a hematoma. Seven patients (2.6 percent) required a return to the operating room to manage complications, and 24 (8.9 percent) required elective revision. Patients were admitted for an average of 1.7 days, and mean follow-up was 6.2 months.
CONCLUSIONS:
Abdominoplasty can be performed safely without drains or quilting sutures/progressive tension sutures. Benefits are discussed in terms of the potential for reduced intraoperative time (compared with progressive tension sutures), and reduced patient discomfort and inpatient stay (compared with drain use). The authors demonstrate low complication and elective revision rates in their series.
CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:
Therapeutic, IV.